History of Diversity in the workplace
In the workplace in the United States, diversity was virtually non-existent for the first 150 years. It changed the workplace from a white male domain to better reflect a multicultural society after World War 1, the 1920s Jazz Age and the voice of minority workers.
In 1948, President Truman officially desegregated the armed forces with Executive Order 9981, which made discrimination based on “race, color, religion or natural origin” illegal for all members of the armed services.
According to Wikipedia, The Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Pub.L. 88–352, 78 Stat. 241, enacted July 2, 1964) is a landmark civil rights and labor law in the United States that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. It prohibits the unequal application of voter registration requirements, and racial segregation in schools, employment, and public accommodations.
Black people were segregated to work in the service industry, such as servants, porters, and manual labor, according to early office museum.com. According to Experience by Simplicity, In the 1950s, more than 60% of the American workforce consisted of white males. These men were mainly the sole breadwinners in the household, expected to retire by age 65 and spend their retirement years in leisure activities. The American workforce is now a better reflection of the population with a mix of genders, race, religion, age, and other background factors.
Diversity and Inclusion Training
Recently, Sephora closed its doors for an hour for Diversity and Inclusion Training. In April, the Black R&B star SZA said a Sephora employee called security to monitor her. SZA said she worked for Sephora before she her break in the music industry. She was also in an advertisement for them as well. SZA claims that a Sephora employee in Calabasas, California had “called security to make sure I wasn’t stealing.” The news threatened to upset that carefully honed, diversity-focused image.
According to Inc.com, Dove, Heineken, H&M, Prada, and Gucci have all apologized after producing culturally insensitive advertising or products. Papa Johns, Disney, and Netflix have each severed ties with high-profile talent after their use of racist language. Nordstrom, Yale, Starbucks, and even Sephora has apologized for employees' mistreatment of customers due to racial profiling and bias.
According to the New York Times, In 2014, Barneys New York agreed to pay $525,000 in costs, fees and penalties after a nine-month investigation by the state attorney general, Eric T. Schneiderman. They found that the store profiled customers by race. (The inquiry triggered by complaints from two black patrons who described being detained after making expensive purchases.)
After the diversity and inclusive training at Sephora, Saturday Night Live star Leslie Jones blasted the brand on social media for mistreating her makeup artist, Lola Okanlawon and a friend at one of its Manhattan locations.
"She needed makeup and to learn how to apply. My makeup artist just called in tears of how bad they treated her and my friend's wife by the salesperson and manager.